August 6, 2014 by
Oxford NC is located in
Granville County in the northern central part of the state of North
Carolina. It is the county seat. The population of Oxford
is about 8,600. The elevation is 480 feet above sea level. Total
land area is 4.5 square miles. The area code for Oxford NC is
The first building in the area of Oxford was built by Samuel
Benton in the early 1760s. Benton was a political figure, and decided
to construct his plantation home here. In 1816 Oxford was
The Horner Military Academy, named in honor of James H. Horner, and
Oxford Female College were built in 1851. The academy was the
training ground for military officers from all over. James Biggs, the
Solicitor General for President Franklin Roosevelt, as one of those who
trained here. The college was created by the North Carolina Baptists.
It was later sold and became the Oxford Female Seminary. After more
than 40 years of success, the seminary closed in the early 1920s.
Oxford NC is famous for the Masonic orphanage near town
center. Is was built in 1858 and originally operated as St. John's
College. After the college failed, the idea of using it as an
orphanage began to spread. And, in 1873 the Oxford Orphans
Asylum opened. Today, the orphanage is known as the Masonic Home
Front gate entrance to the orphanage...
Ten years later a separate home for black children was opened.
Named the Colored Orphan Asylum, it would later be led by Henry
Cheatham, who had previously served in Congress and lobbied for the school's
creation. Cheatham had served four years in the House of
Representatives and was one of five black congressmen in the Southern states
during the racially divided 1890s. His mother was a slave and his
father was an unknown white man. Cheatham ran the orphanage for nearly
Oxford NC is home to Revlon, a cosmetics and skin care company.
Murder of Henry Marrow
"Dickie" Marrow, Jr. was a 23-year-old black man who was brutally murdered
by white business owner Robert Teel, his son Larry, and stepson Roger Oakley
one Spring evening in 1970 in the mostly segregated town of Oxford, NC.
The businessman and his son were tried by an all-white jury and promptly
acquitted of the charges. This led to racial protest, violence,
tension, riots, burning of buildings, and demands of injustice by the black
community. A boycott of all Teel's businesses, which were situated all
around the black community, cost Teel tremendously.
Marrow was raised in Oxford NC - mostly by Mary Catherine Davis
and her family - and attended Mary Potter High School and Kittrell College.
His father and mother had separated and his mother moved to New Jersey,
leaving Dickie with the Davis family. After serving in the Army, he
had returned to Oxford in 1968, got married, and was working at the Umstead
Hospital in Butner to support his pregnant wife and two children.
Teel, who was already known to the police per his criminal background,
also had ties with the Ku Klux Klan. He was disliked by the black
community since he had recently beaten a black schoolteacher who had
quarreled with Teel's wife at one of the businessman's car washes.
On the evening of the murder, Marrow was playing cards at the Tidewater
Seafood Market when he decided to step next door to Teel's service station
(near the intersections of NC Highway 96 and U.S Highway 158) to get a
Coca-Cola or Pepsi from the soft drink machine. He had promised the
drink to Fannie Davis, from the Davis family, after stopping by the home
As Marrow approached the store, Teel's son, Larry and his wife Judy were
working in the parking lot. A flirtatious comment by Marrow (that he
said was directed towards two black women who were standing at the store's
entrance) upset Judy. She believed Marrow was speaking about her.
Robert, who had been working with stepson Roger Oakley inside a boat
situated near the shop, overhead his son Larry proclaim, "that's my wife
you're talking to!" He went into the store with his Oakley and
returned with guns in hand.
The argument became very heated and Larry attempted to strike Marrow with
a wooden board from a motorcycle crate. It was told in court that
after Marrow pulled out a knife he started backing away from the fight.
Several young black friends hurried to the scene to assist Marrow, but
quickly advised him to run away when they saw Robert and Roger rush inside
the store. When Robert and Roger came back outside they had two
shotguns, with one being an "over and under" with a .22 caliber rifle/410
shotgun combination. Robert and Roger both shot Marrow twice, with one
hitting him in the buttocks and sending him to the ground in a pool of
blood. Robert, Roger, and Larry then began to kicking and beating him,
followed by a shot to his head from a .22 rifle. Several of Marrow's
friends took him to the Granville County Hospital and he died en route to
the Duke University Medical Center.
On the day of the burial and the next day, black leaders organized a
march from the cemetery where Marrow was buried to the Confederate monument
in the middle of Oxford. A number of buildings and warehouses
were burned. And a curfew was created.
After the all-white jury acquitted the Teels and Oakley of all counts,
the black community was extremely angry. NAACP's chapter head Benjamin
Chavis led a march from Oxford to Raleigh and called for a boycott of white
businesses. After a year and half, integration was finally reached in
A book and movie (Blood Done Signed My Name) has since been made that
brought to light the racial divide of Oxford NC during the Civil
Rights era. The book was written by Timothy Tyson, who was a childhood
friend of Teel's other son (not Larry).
Interestingly, Larry Teel has a website
here that pretty much offers a disorganized rambling of the
events in an attempt to discredit the book's author, Timothy Tyson.
Well, I wouldn't call it a website. It's more like a poorly fabricated
consolidation of internet pages that will leave your head spinning due to
lack of direction of content.
And, to be fair, here is an excerpt from the Wikipedia page about
"Timothy B. Tyson (born 1959) is an American writer
and historian from North Carolina who specializes in the issues of
culture, religion and race associated with the civil rights movement of
the twentieth century. He has joint appointments at Duke University and
the University of North Carolina. He has won numerous teaching awards,
as well as recognition for creative and experimental courses, including
one that took students on a tour of sites of the civil rights events in
the South. His books have won the Frederick Jackson Turner Prize, James
A. Rawley Prize, the 2007 University of Louisville Grawemeyer Award in
Religion, and the Southern Book Award. In addition, two have been
adapted as films, and one as a play. Tyson attended the University
of North Carolina at Greensboro and graduated with a B.A. at Emory
University in 1987. He earned his PhD in history at Duke University in
I've not read the book, but I do recall my mother telling me about the
riots. I was two years old and we lived in Oxford and Henderson
during this time. I have researched the subject only on the internet.
It appears that Marrow was beaten and murdered by several men carrying four
or five guns. He had a handful of pebbles and a 4-inch blade knife.
Whether he was backing away or advancing, I can't for the life of me see why
he should have more than a single gun wound.
If I could speak with Larry Teel today (he still lives), my questions
(although I seriously doubt I will get a truthful answer) would be...
- When Marrow was felled by the first shot while running away, why did
you guys keep pursuing, shooting and beating him while he was down?
- The "threat" had been overcome with the first shot. So, why
all the violence?
- Also, how does it feel to have murdered an outnumbered, outgunned
- How does it feel to bring out the fists only when your defenseless
opponent was lying in blood from shotgun blasts begging for his life?
You can answer below in the Facebook comment area.
People living in the Oxford NC area have a great sense of humor...
A plantation style home on College Street in Oxford NC...
The weather in Oxford NC consists of warm summers and cold
winters. Expect July temperatures to reach about 90 degrees F for the
high and fall to only 68 F for the nightly lows. In December and
January, the temperatures average about 50 during the day and 26 at night.
Precipitation is around 4 inches per month, with up to 10 inches of snowfall
in December and January.
The zip code for Oxford NC is 27565.
The population of Oxford NC is around 8,600.
The elevation of Oxford NC is 480 feet above sea level.
The average household income for Oxford NC is $31,100 (2012),
which is well below the $45,000 NC average. The same applies for the
average house value of $128,000 as compared to NC's state average of
$150,100. 58% of the population are black, 37% are white, and 2% are
Hispanic. 78% have a high school education and 18% hold Bachelor's
degrees or higher. Unemployment in July 2013 was 9.4%.
Towns near Oxford NC include...
- Henderson, NC
- Creedmoor, NC
- Butner, NC
- Stem, NC
- Stovall, NC
The newspaper for Oxford NC is The Daily Dispatch, a daily
publication from Henderson. It covers Vance, Warren, and Granville
Counties of North Carolina.
Oxford averages about 1 murder every two years, 4 rapes per year,
28 robberies per year, and 75 assaults per year. Overall, the town
ranks about twice as high as the average U.S. crime rate.
The closest airport to Oxford NC is the Henderson-Oxford Airport,
a single runway air strip located outside of town proper.
Oxford County NC
Oxford is located in, and is the town seat of Granville County
NC. The county was founded in 1746 and is named in honor of John
Carteret, the 2nd Earl of Granville. It consists of about 60,000
people living within 537 square miles of land. Granville is home to
the towns of Creedmoor, Butner, and Oxford. With unincorporated
communities such as Shake Rag, Tally Ho, and Shoofly it's no wonder this
Oxford NC County is an interesting place.
Oxford NC has the following high schools...
- Center for Innovative Learning
- J. F. Webb High School
Colleges in the area of Oxford NC include...
- North Carolina State University
- Shaw University
- Duke University
- North Carolina Central University
- Wake Technical Community College
- Elon University
- UNC Chapel Hill
Only 38% of the population are affiliated with a religious organization.
Most of Oxford's residents are Southern Baptists (74%), while 14% are
Recommend Oxford NC?
Have you ever been to Oxford NC? What did you think? Do you
live here now? Would you
recommend this town to others?